Scientists have discovered a new genetic mechanism that allows human beings to regenerate their damaged genes.
The study, published in the journal Cell on Tuesday, said the mechanism is one of a series of genetic pathways that can turn genes into new tissues in the body.
In a study led by the University of California, San Diego’s Stephen Karp, PhD, and colleagues, they found that the new gene, which has been called the MEI-13, was able to create a new tissue within the body that could regenerate damaged DNA, allowing the cells to grow back stronger.
The MEI 13 gene is an ancient gene that has been identified in all mammals, but its importance in humans has been overlooked.
Previous research had shown that the MEIs 13 genes were capable of turning genes into stem cells, but the mechanism of how they do that had never been fully understood.
“We now have a mechanism that we can use to turn damaged DNA into stem cell tissue,” said Karp.
He said this is the first time that researchers have been able to use MEIs genes to turn a gene into stem tissue.
“It’s not the first gene to be turned into a stem cell, but it’s the first to be used to turn this gene into a new cell,” he said.
“This is a really exciting finding.”
Karp said the MEIS genes are found in the stem cells of the body, but they can be found in other cells.
“That means that they can turn these other cells into other organs and tissues, and then we can see how they can help us with regenerative medicine,” he added.
The researchers found that when the MEII 13 gene was knocked out, the MEA 13 gene became active, and the MEV 13 gene went dormant.
The new gene could allow the cells of human beings’ damaged genes to be replaced by new tissue.
In humans, the damaged genes in the MEIG1 gene are known to trigger a type of cancer called MEI1.
“What we’re trying to do is to get the gene back in, so that it can be used in people,” said Dr Karp who is also the head of the MEIA Human Genome Institute.
The gene was also identified in mice, which are able to differentiate into other types of cells, including blood cells and muscle cells.
The team was able, however, to test the gene’s activity in the mice, and it was found to be highly active.
“The mouse gene was completely inactive, so we had to get a new gene,” said co-author Dr Lise Mennings, PhD.
“After some experimentation, we found out that this gene is very similar to the human gene, so in fact, we can turn it into the mouse gene.”
If we can find a way to turn the mouse’s gene into the human one, then we might be able to help people with MEI2 or MEI3.
“While it’s not clear how MEI genes are used to regenerate human cells, the researchers said they had already begun to develop a gene therapy to regenerate damaged cells, using a gene that is part of the damaged gene.
The research was funded by the National Institutes of Health, the U.S. Army Research Office, and Karp’s lab at UCSD.